There is a strong correlation between weak Rule of Law and intractable development challenges such as poor economic growth, growing inequality, entrenched discrimination, endemic violence and environmental degradation. The link is explicitly acknowledged in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which envisages 'a world in which ... democracy, good governance and the Rule of Law are essential for sustainable development'. Promotion of the Rule of Law at the national and international levels is also expressly mentioned as a target in SDG16. The SDGs, and the review mechanisms associated with them, provide an opportunity to integrate the Rule of Law across the development agenda, including particular development goals such as anti-corruption. In this programme of work, we are seeking a more sophisticated understanding of the relationship between Rule of Law strengthening and sustainable development, with a view to ascertaining how best to harness the transformative potential of the Rule of Law to achieve the ambitious 2030 Agenda.